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 Japanese Language~~ 日本語~~ 

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Shinku_126

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Age : 26
Birthday : 1991-06-12
Location : Bandar Seri Begawan
Job/hobbies : Dancer, vocalist, journalist
Posts : 43
Join date : 2009-08-02

PostSubject: Japanese Language~~ 日本語~~    Sat Aug 08, 2009 7:14 pm

いらしゃいまっせ~~

日本クラブをよこそう~~


Welcome to the Japanese Club!!~


Ok, to get started with, Japanese writing system includes Hiragana (ひらがな), Katakana (カタカナ) and Kanji (かんじ)。
For this lesson I will show you hiragana charts and katakana only. Kanji lesson will presume.. by December, after you have mastered the basic Japanese writing system.


Hiragana

Hiragana cahracter are usually used to write nouncs, subject marker and object marker. There are 48 characters in hiragana, each character has only one reading and there are approximately 104 possible readings due to variation and combination. it is considered to be the most basic writing system.

Hiragana characters play two major roles; for creating grammatical structure and for showing pronounciation.

A major function of hiragana is to add grammatical structure to sentences. One way is in the form of okurigana, th hiragana characters added to the end of words to modify meaning. For example, to change the tense of a verd such as "eat" to "ate".


Eat = べます = Tabemasu.

Ate = べました = Tabemashita.


The red character is kanji.

An example of hiragana symbol which are used as particles (single character "words") to show the relationship[ between other words in a sentence、is...

ピザべました

Translation: I ate pizza.

Violet is katakana. Orange is the particle。Blue is hiragana. Red is kanji.

You will notice that there is no subject in this sentence. So who did the eating? In Japanese is often inferred from the context.

Hiragana characters are often written next to unusual kanji cahracters to show their pronounciation. In addition, hiragana is also used to write native japanese words that have no kanjo of their own. Other uses are in books for children too young to be able to read many kanji words. they also give a feminine aesthetic to the words of female characters in fiction and video games.

Ok, below is the three hiragana charts.









PS: I'll post th katakana soon~~ But Japanese club members who registered and came during the CCA should already have this hand-out. study
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Shinku_126

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Age : 26
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Location : Bandar Seri Begawan
Job/hobbies : Dancer, vocalist, journalist
Posts : 43
Join date : 2009-08-02

PostSubject: Re: Japanese Language~~ 日本語~~    Sat Aug 29, 2009 11:45 pm

Sorry late >_< Let's continue~~

Katakana

Katakana is mostly used to write words that are not of Japanese origin. It is generally used for foreign words such as names or words that have been borrowed from other languages.
Katakana can be use to put an emphasis on certain words to make the words stands out and for onomatopoeic expressions, of which there are around 1,000 in japanese.

Onomatopoeic expression is like.. remember when reading Japanese comic, there are words in japanese that when translated, it literally means like.. Aaaa~~ Or.. Baka~~.. its like a sound effect in a comic..


Example...

Doki Doki = ドキドキ= Rapid Heartbeat due to build up tension.
Uwa = ウワア~~~- Basically this is like err.. when people scream when ounching something.. get it??


For nouns...

Television = テレビ - Terebi
Shower = シャワ - Shawa
Mail = マイル - Mairu


For names...

Alphonso = アルフォンソ - Arufonso
Alice = アリス - Arisu


Below are the charts of katakana








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